Between 2013 and 2019 we were able to reduce landfill waste (mt) per mt of final product (incl. by-products) by 86%, from 0.055 to only 0.008. The slight increase in waste intensity from 2018 to 2019 is due to a higher amount of waste to landfill material in our glucose production in Port Colborne. Due to an issue in co-products manufacture, some of the material could not be used as feed and had to be disposed of as landfill. Fortunately, this was solved quickly and thus the material can safely be used for feed again.