Trisodium Citrate Dihydrate

CAS Registry Number:


Chemical Formula:




General Information

Trisodium citrate dihydrate is a tribasic salt of citric acid. It is produced by complete neutralisation of citric acid with high purity sodium hydroxide or carbonate and subsequent crystallisation. Trisodium citrate dihydrate is widely used in foods, beverages and various technical applications mainly as buffering, sequestering or emulsifying agent.

Trisodium citrate dihydrate occurs as white, granular crystals or as white, crystalline powder with a pleasant, salty taste. It is slightly deliquescent in moist air, freely soluble in water and practically insoluble in ethanol (96 %).

Trisodium citrate dihydrate is a non-toxic, neutral salt with low reactivity. It is chemically stable if stored at ambient temperatures. Trisodium citrate dihydrate is fully biodegradable and can be disposed of with regular waste or sewage.


Jungbunzlauer trisodium citrate dihydrate is supplied in accordance with the current requirements of the European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur), the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), the Food Chemicals Codex (FCC), and the Commission Regulation (EU) No. 231/2012.

Trisodium citrate dihydrate is available in various granulations.

  • Dihydrate
  • White
  • Granular crystals or crystalline powder
  • Typical, practically odourless
  • Pleasantly salty
  • Freely soluble in water
  • Practically insoluble in ethanol (96 %)
  • Non-toxic
  • Low reactive
  • Chemically and microbiologically stable
  • Fully biodegradable

Main functions

  • pH regulator
  • Chelating agent
  • Buffering agent
  • Flavour enhancer
  • Stabiliser
  • Emulsifying agent


  • Baby Food, Infant Formula
  • Bakery
  • Cereals, Snacks
  • Confectionery
  • Dairy
  • Desserts, Ice Cream
  • Flavours
  • Fruit Preparations, Sweet Spreads
  • Fruits, Vegetables
  • Meat, Seafood
  • Ready Meals, Instant Food
  • Sauces, Dressings, Seasonings


  • Alcoholic Beverages
  • Carbonated Soft Drinks
  • Instant Drinks, Syrups
  • Juice Drinks
  • RTD Tea and Coffee
  • Sports and Energy Drinks
  • Waters

Personal Care

  • Colour Cosmetics
  • Fragrances
  • Hair Care
  • Oral Care
  • Skin Care
  • Soap and Bath Products

Cleaners & Detergents

  • Dish Washing
  • Industrial Cleaners
  • Laundry Care
  • Surface Care

Industrial Applications

  • Adhesives, Sealants
  • Agrochemicals, Fertilisers
  • Construction
  • Fine Chemicals
  • Inks, Paints, Coatings
  • Oil Drilling
  • Paper
  • Plastics, Polymers
  • Textile, Leather


  • Clinical Nutrition
  • Medical Devices
  • OTC, Food Supplements
  • Pharmaceutical Products

Feed & Pet Food

  • Feed
  • Pet Food
Legal aspects